The "Commedia dell'Arte"

La "Commedia dell'Arte" is a distinct theatrical genre that evolved from outdoor performances by acrobats, jester and the first professional actors during the Italian Renassance. With stylized masks, gestures and improvvisations over a plot, the Commedia repeteadly satirized well-known "types" as Arlecchino the bunbling servant, Pantalone the rich tyrannical master, Colombina the flirtatious coquette, the spanish Captain, the Doctor and others. Between the 16th and the 18th centuries the Italian troups of Commedia dell'Arte spread all over Europe performing in streets and squares but even in front at the main Courtes af the age. At the middle of the 18th century, Venetian playwriter Carlo Goldoni revitalized the tired formula by introducing the written text (no more improvvisation) and elements of closely observer realism that made his plays celebrated all over the world.

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